The ASTI Global Assessment of Agricultural R&D Spending, published in collaboration with the Global Forum on Agricultural Research (GFAR), discusses these key trends in global agricultural R&D evidenced by the latest available data.
The assessment is being released in advance of the Second Global Conference on Agricultural Research for Development (GCARD2), a platform to encourage practical collaboration among all those working in agricultural research and innovation and their role in development, which opens on October 28 in Punta del Este, Uruguay.
Global challenges, including the recent food and financial crises and climate change, highlight the need for continued and scaled-up investments in agricultural R&D. Following a decade of slow growth in the 1990s, global public spending on agricultural R&D increased by 22 percent from 2000 to 2008—from $26.1 billion to $31.7 billion.
Middle-income countries have been the main drivers of global growth in recent years; spending growth in high-income countries stalled. China and India accounted for nearly half the global increase, but spending also rose significantly in a number of other middle-income countries, including Argentina, Brazil, Iran, Nigeria, and Russia. Growth was particularly strong from 2005 to 2008.
Most notably in Brazil and China, long-term government commitment to agricultural R&D and a supportive policy environment have fueled increased agricultural productivity, as well as overall economic growth. These productivity gains demonstrate the benefits of sustained government investments.
Although agricultural research spending continued to grow in low-income countries overall from 2000 to 2008, in many, spending stagnated or declined. These countries, particularly in Africa south of the Sahara, are highly vulnerable to volatile research funding, often the result of the short-term, project-oriented nature of donor and development bank funding. Additionally, R&D agencies in these countries lack the necessary human, operating, and infrastructure resources to successfully develop, adopt, and disseminate science and technology innovations.
The report, background materials, and infographics are all available on the ASTI website: http://www.asti.cgiar.org/globaloverview
For press release and media enquiries, please see: http://www.ifpri.org/pressroom/briefing/global-trends-agricultural-rd-spending
Posted in Global, Overview publications